The first thing that you should understand when it comes to STD is that they are sexually transmitted disease. Therefore, the most often, but not in all cases, you will get it by sexual intercourse. The most popular diseases are different types of herpes, HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, some forms of hepatitis, and trichomoniasis among others.
People also call STD as venereal diseases or VD,and they are the most contagious diseases in the world. More than 65 million Americans have STD, and every single year, 20 million new cases are reported. Most infected individuals are between 15 and 24,andthey can have long-term issues.
You should have in mind that sexually transmitted diseases are serious problems that you have to treat as soon as possible. Some of them such as HIV isincurable and can lead to fatality. That is the main reason why you should learn more about STD so that you can protect yourself and prevent it from ever entering your system.
You can get it from vaginal, oral or anal sex. You can also infect yourself through contact with moist or damp objects such as toilet seats, clothing, but in most cases, it is spread by sexual intercourse.
You are at high risk if:
- You have sex with someone who had numerous partners.
- You had more than one sex partner.
- You avoid using a condom during the sexual intercourse
- You trade sex for drugs and money
- You share needles while consuming intravenous drugs
Herpes and HIV are chronic problems that you can manage over time, but cannot cure it. Hepatitis B can become chronic also, and you will not be able to manage it at all. On the other hand, you may not realize that you have some types of STD until it does damage to your reproductive organs, heart, vision and other organs.
For instance, PID, or pelvic inflammatory disease is a complication of Chlamydia and gonorrhea that can leave women infertile. It can also kill you,and you can pass it to your newborn child.
What Is The Main Cause Of STDs?
There are numerous diseases that you can get through sexual activity, and you should have in mind that viral STDs include genital herpes, HIV, genital warts, and Hepatitis B. On the other hand, bacterial STDs are gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis. Trichomoniasis happens due to parasite infection.
The germs that cause STD to hide in blood, semen, saliva and vaginal secretion. Most of them will spread through anal, vaginal or oral sex, but some of them through skin contact too. You will be able to get Hepatitis B by sharing personal items such as razors or toothbrushes with someone who already has it.
Health Risks of STDs for Women
- Infertility – The most severe STD infections could lead to infertility in women. You should have in mind that STDs are opportunity sterilizers because men can also become sterile as a result of gonorrhea or Chlamydia infections.
- Ectopic Pregnancy – This will happen when infection enters women’s reproductive organs, which can result as gonorrhea or Chlamydia, which will cause a fertilized egg to grow outside the uterus. You should visit this link: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-complications/ectopic-pregnancy/ to see what is ectopic pregnancy and why it happens in the first place
- PID or pelvic inflammatory disease – Two out of five women who avoid treating Chlamydia infection will develop PD. This problematic issue could lead to ectopic pregnancy, pelvic pain,and Have in mind that untreated gonorrhea can also cause this particular issue.
- Infection Of Newborns – If you are pregnant and you have the untreated herpes virus, syphilis, HIV or hepatitis B then you will most likely pass the same infection to your newborn baby. At the same time, these diseases can cause premature birth, death after birth and various congenital disabilities that could interfere with the baby’s overall health.
- Brain Function And Heart Issues – If you do not treat syphilis this could lead to severe neurological and cardiovascular issues.
How to Reduce the Risk
Most people know that best way to reduce the chances of getting the sexually transmitted disease is by complete abstinence from all sex – oral, anal and vaginal. However, these are drastic steps that you have to take which could lead to problems that are more significant afterward.
Therefore, you should always wear protection and think about safe sex. By using a new condom every single time, you will be able to have sex even during the period. Other ways of contraception such as patches, pills, sponges, diaphragms, and other devices will not provide you relevant protection against STDs.
If you change your partners often, you should get frequent blood tests so that you can determine if you have anything or not. When a doctor tells you that you are positive, then you will have to abstain from sex until you cure yourself completely.